Monday, December 11, 2023

DIY Wheat Germination Monitoring System for Higher Farming


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With a dedication to Empowering Farmers with Good Farming, we construct a wheat germination monitoring system. However why this technique is required and the way farmers will profit from this? Let’s perceive this primary!

Wheat farming is an enormous deal in lots of locations. To ensure it grows properly, you want simply the best temperature and moisture.

For wheat seeds to develop, it’s finest if it’s not too sizzling or too chilly – about 20°C to 25°C is excellent.

However typically, issues don’t go as deliberate. If it rains an excessive amount of proper after planting the seeds, they won’t develop properly, and the younger crops can get sick.

Because the wheat grows, it faces extra challenges like huge swings in temperature and never sufficient rain.

Generally, when the climate is cloudy, damp, and chilly, a illness referred to as rust can assault the wheat. And when the wheat is nearly able to be harvested, it likes a gentle temperature of about 14-15°C.

Retaining the temperature and moisture ranges excellent is tremendous necessary for getting crop of wheat.

To help farmers and wheat producers in coping with these challenges, we created this mission. It’s all about ensuring the temperature and humidity are excellent for the very best wheat crops.

The pattern prototype of the wheat germination monitoring system is proven in Fig. 1.

DIY Wheat Germination Monitoring System
Fig. 1: Creator’s prototype

Additionally Learn: Good Agriculture Irrigation System

Important elements for this mission are listed within the under desk.

Invoice of Supplies
Parts Amount
LCD RG1602A I2C (MOD2) 1
Arduino NANO (MOD1) 1
Piezoelectric buzzer (P1) 1
DHT11 temperature sensor (S1) 1
5V energy adaptor 1

Wheat Germination Monitoring System – Circuit

The circuit diagram for the monitoring system, geared toward optimizing wheat seed germination, is depicted in Fig. 2.

The circuit’s core revolves across the Arduino Nano (board1), an I2C LCD module (module2), a DHT11 humidity and temperature sensor (S1), jumper wires, a breadboard, a piezo buzzer, and extra important elements.

Fig. 2: Circuit Diagram

The center of the mission is Arduino Nano. A piezo buzzer has been built-in to sound an alarm when the temperature exceeds 25°C.

The LCD display is utilized to exhibit the sector’s temperature and humidity. The DHT11 sensor gauges the encompassing temperature and humidity, relaying the info to the Arduino, which is then displayed on the related LCD module.

This method could be additional enhanced by incorporating an ESP or different Wi-Fi modules to allow distant temperature monitoring.

A typical I2C LCD show (mod2) consists of an HD44780-based character LCD show coupled with an I2C LCD adaptor. These shows are adept at presenting character-based info.

As an example, a 16×2 character LCD can accommodate 32 ASCII characters throughout two rows.

On the core of the adaptor lies an 8-bit I/O expander chip, the PCF8574, which converts Arduino’s I2C information into the parallel information obligatory for the LCD show.

Wheat Germination Monitoring System – Arduino Code

Programming for this mission was achieved utilizing the Arduino 1.8.19 instrument.

The DHT11 sensor’s enter is directed to Arduino Nano’s pin D2, permitting the show of temperature and humidity readings each for the environment and the sector on the LCD module.

An hooked up piezo buzzer, related to pin D3, serves as an alarm system to sign extreme temperatures.

The loop operate encompasses the info checking and alarm technology course of.

First, write the supply code and save the sketch (software program) in .ino format.

Earlier than importing the sketch program to the Arduino Nano board, guarantee the proper board is chosen. Following board choice, proceed with importing the supply code.

The supply code snippet for the loop operate is exhibited in Fig. 3.

wheat germination monitoring system Arduino Code
Fig. 3: Supply code snippet of loop operate


When you’ve uploaded the supply code into the Arduino Nano, it’s time to assemble the mission. You are able to do this on a breadboard or a PCB.

After connecting all of the components similar to within the circuit diagram, put all the things in an acceptable case, together with the Arduino Nano board.

Now, if you join the mission to a 5-volt energy supply, you’ll be able to see the temperature and humidity ranges on the display.

If the temperature will get too excessive (greater than 25°C), a buzzer will make a sound, telling farmers that they should do one thing to guard the wheat from unhealthy climate. This helps them take motion on the proper time.

POC Video Tutorial In English:

POC Video Tutorial In Hindi:

Navpreet Singh Tung is in-charge of the Synthetic Intelligence and Robotics Lab at Sandeepani Gurukul in Pathankot, Punjab, India.


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