Metamaterials, famously likened to Harry Potter’s invisible cloak, are synthetic nano buildings designed to govern mild properties. Nevertheless, the sensible utility of this know-how in on a regular basis life will depend on the commercialization of the manufacturing course of which requires important prices.
A analysis workforce led by Professor Junsuk Rho from the Division of Mechanical Engineering and the Division of Chemical Engineering, researcher Received-Geun Kim and Ph.D. candidate Hongyoon Kim from the Division of Mechanical Engineering at Pohang College of Science and Expertise (POSTECH) has devised an method.
Their methodology combines three-dimensional nano printing with co-assembly know-how, bringing metamaterials one step nearer to turning into commercially accessible. These analysis findings have been featured in Small.
Historically, metamaterials are crafted by depositing bodily and chemical layers onto supplies corresponding to silicon and resin (plastic), adopted by a course of referred to as lithography. Regrettably, this methodology is each costly and restricted by way of relevant supplies. Consequently, the tutorial neighborhood has just lately shifted its focus in the direction of creating metamaterials via the meeting of particles relatively than the expensive technique of floor shaving.
On this analysis, the analysis workforce employed a mix of three-dimensional nano printing and co-assembly methods. Initially, they crafted raspberry-like metamolecules by utilizing silica (glass) and gold nanoparticles of various sizes. Subsequently, these raspberry-like buildings have been stacked atop each other, ensuing within the profitable creation of millimeter-sized metamaterials.
In essence, the analysis workforce has devised a course of know-how that permits the cost-effective manufacturing of metamaterials in desired shapes versus standard and dearer strategies.
The experiments performed showcased the light-controlling capabilities of metamaterials generated via the workforce’s course of. Notably, there was a major discount in scattered mild inside the seen area. This analysis marks the primary occasion of verifying the optical properties of metamolecules in answer utilizing the millimeter-sized buildings.
This method permits for outcomes to be noticed with the bare eye or via a easy microscope setup, eliminating the necessity for specialised gear for verification. Moreover, the workforce achieved fine-tuned management over the optical properties by adjusting the ratio of silica and gold nanoparticles inside the metamaterial.
Professor Junsuk Rho who led the analysis said, “This breakthrough allows the design and implementation of free-form nanophotons, surpassing the constraints of current metamaterial fabrication processes. The flexibility of this know-how affords a variety of fabric decisions together with quantum dots, catalyst particles, and polymers, making it relevant to numerous fields from sensors to shows along with metamaterial analysis.”
Received‐Geun Kim et al, Freestanding, Freeform Metamolecule Fibers Tailoring Synthetic Optical Magnetism, Small (2023). DOI: 10.1002/smll.202303749
Pohang College of Science and Expertise
Metamolecule metamaterial fabrication with 3D co-assembly (2023, October 30)
retrieved 30 October 2023
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